Long before all things were, ‘there was Allah and nothing else.’ “He was not born, nor has He begotten, nor there an equivalent to Him.” “Nothing likens Him; and He is the All-Hearing, the Omniscient.” He has never got a wife or a son, and He should never do. To Him belongs the Reign of the heavens and the earth and all that existing in between. Everything exists in His Great Reign, even the smallest sub-atomic particle, is under His Authority and behaving in accordance with His Will.
Of His Regalia is the Grand Throne. So magnificent and splendid and enormous that no one would be able to conceive its equal, it is, in comparison to His Reign, but ‘like a ring that was thrown off upon a fast expansion of desert.’ Lain in front of the Throne is the Chair. Though it, too, would look like a ring thrown out in a vast open desert if compared to the Throne, it is unimaginably vast that it “encloses the heavens and the earth.”
From there manages He all His “Kingdom’s affairs”, disposing the dispensation, which are always brought back to Him daily on a day-time measures thousands years of ours. His Mercy has touched whatsoever He created, and they are all glorifying His praises. It is He Who begins the creations and, thereafter, will return them back to Him; “He has the Proud in the heavens and in the earth; and He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.”
That is Allah, Lord of the existence. When He determined to make up the creation, that was not because He felt loneliness or wanted to create a cheerful atmosphere for amusement: He has created the heavens and the earth and all that existing in between but “by Right and for a definite period of time”. By the power of His word “Be” the creation process started. He need never be assisted by anyone, nor did He need any material for making it up.
Of His first creatures were the pen, the Kept-Sheet, and the water, above which His Throne was, and out of which he created all the living things. “Wright,” ordained He the pen, which wondered what to write. “Write all things and events that were, and all things and events that to come”, replied Allah, and so did the pen. So, it is in a particular “Clear-Cut Book” are written in, advance, and in detail, everything and every incidents happened or happening or even will have happened by the very last moment of the Universe’s definite time-span, “before We had invented it. That, to Allah, is facile”. As Allah finished this “plan” of creation, ‘He wrote a writing, which is with Him on the Throne: “My Mercy has overcome My Anger”.’
The cosmos was now in the construction process. In the very second it started by ripping up the earth and the heavens apart from each other, as they were ratque, that is, one coalesced thing. Just as the fatque (the separating-apart process) took place, Allah took, firstly, on creating the earth: He splayed it; brought forth its water and pasture; He made up the mountains to make not the earth tilt; and then disposed how and when every creature on it will make its livelihood.
“Then He headed for the sky, whilst it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth submits you both either willingly or unwillingly!” They both answered Him that they would submit of their own accord. Then He constructed the sky into seven skies, instructing in each one of them its affair; prevailed over its darkness and emitted out its forenoon; and, then, decorated the lower sky with massabeeh, lamps. The Universe had by now been created, and the earth has been filled, in later time, with every species of living creatures.
Be it an atomic particle or a living creature or the largest galaxy to be found or even an angel or man or jinn, these are all His Slaves. Nothing of these, wherever it is existed, could escape His Control; He has been the Omniscient and the Omnipotent.
It is not known, exactly, to us the time at which the angels were created. Certain it is, however, that they are of countless number and are commissioned definite duties, which allotted to particular groups and individuals of them. They may justly be considered as the “courtiers” of Allah’s Great Reign. Angels are creatures ‘molded out of light,’ and they are in no need to eat, drink or sleep. They never disobey what Allah commanded, and do not descend, nor do anything, but according to Allah’s Order. Angels have never ceased from glorifying their Lord since the time of their creation, and they have never felt tiredness of doing that.
At the head of the angels is Gebreel (Gabriel), the Holy Spirit. It is he who was always sent down carrying the revelations to Allah’s Prophets and Messengers. “We don’t descend but to your Lord’s Command; He owns what exist before us and what exist behind us and what in between; and never has your Lord been forgetful”, was Gebreel’s reply when Mohamed once asked him: ‘Why do not you come frequently to visit us?’
Almost next in rank to Gebreel is Michael, to whom the affairs of rain, plants, and the provisions of all creatures are allotted. Another angel known as Israfeel is the one who will blow the Horn, when Allah will permit him to do, that will cause death to all creatures in the universe by the Doomsday, and then he will blow the one of Resurrection. Of the other “famous” angels known to us are those that are described to be raqueep-atteed, powerful watchers. It is they who are watching and recording everyone’s deeds, be they good or bad.
The Death Angel, Azrael, is the one attended to cause death to every living creature. The eight angels who carry, by the power of Allah’s Words, the Grand Throne are called the Throne-Bearers. They, together with those standing around the Throne, glorify and praise their Lord by day and night, without any tiredness or boredom; they believe in Him, and they ask forgiveness for the believers.
The rebellious “Subjects” of His Great Reign are the jinn, who ‘were molded out of fire’. They did not attend neither the creation process of the heavens and the earth, or the creation of themselves; nor has Allah ever sought their support. The powerful individuals of them are called devils, and Ebleece (Lucifer) is their chief. It is indicated that Jinn were created and have inhabited the earth long before the creation of man, and, so the story goes, they had once made a hideous bloodshed among themselves. Thereupon, Allah descent the angels in special mission to expel them out from earth’s mainland to the islands in the open seas.
Did accomplish the angels their Lord’s Command, and brought back with them a captive, which was not but Ebleece himself. True or not the story of the devils’ bloody war and Ebleece’s captivity is – for it was not mentioned by Koran nor Sunna – it is certain that Ebleece is one of the jinn, and never been he one of the angels. It is pretty obvious, too, that he had already been among the angels there in the Higher Heavens, pretending pious comportments.
Ebleece to jinn is like Adam to human, they are his progeny. Unlike Adam, however, he has been living ever since he was created, and, furthermore, his life will last till the Day of Resurrection.
Koran tells us that Jinn can see human “from whereas we cannot see them,” and that
Jinn have the ability of appearing to human being in many forms, too. A story in Sunna goes that one night somebody came to steal from the Zaquat Alfitr, charity-food being collected yearly by the last night of Ramadan Month, and then to be distributed for poor Muslims. Mohamed had already allotted one of his companions – called Abo Horyrah – to keep guard on that food-stuff, and he did catch the thief but, as the thief complained to him a condition of destitution and promised not to retry such a deed agian, Aboo Horayrah set him free.
‘What did your captive do last night, Abo Horyrah?’ asked Mohamed, who was informed of the incident through a Heavenly Revelation.
“He complained a situation of destitution and many children to support. So I let him go,” replied Abo Horyrah, and Mohamed told him that that man lied to him, and that he would return to steal again the night was to come.
The man did come once more, stole, was caught, and complained, promised not to return, and been let go for the same reason already described. And, again, in the morning followed, Mohamed asked the charity-guard about his captive, told him that the man lied to him and that he would return to steal agian.
Been betrayed twice, Abo Horyrah became furious, and determined to lurk to that man.
“I’ll take you to Allah’s Messenger. You swore to me twice that you would not do that again. You lie to me,” addressed Abo Horyrah his speech to the man, who had been caught as he came, for the third time, to steel from the food-stuff.
“Let me go,” implored the man, “I will teach you some words that will be benefit for you, only if you will not take me to a session in front of Allah Messenger.” Abo Horyrah accepted the “offer” and did set the man free once more.
In the morning Mohamed asked his good companion about his captive, and the guard answered that he let him free as the man assumed that he taught him some benefit words. He told me, said Abo Horyrah, ‘when I go to bed at night, I have to recite the Korsy Verse (one of Koran’s verses). If I do that, there will be a guard from Allah protecting me from devils; they will not be able to approach me till the dawn.’
‘He told you the truth though he is a liar’ said Mohamed to his companion, and continued, ‘Do you know whom you were treating with for three nights, Abo Horyrah? That was a devil.’